Table of Contents
THE LOG FROM THE SEA OF CORTEZ
Born in Salinas, California, in 1902, John Steinbeck grew up in a fertile agricultural valley about twenty-five miles from the Pacific Coast—and both valley and coast would serve as settings for some of his best fiction. In 1919 he went to Stanford University, where he intermittently enrolled in literature and writing courses until he left in 1925 without taking a degree. During the next five years he supported himself as a laborer and journalist in New York City, all the time working on his first novel,
Cup of Gold
(1929). After marriage and a move to Pacific Grove, he published two California books,
The Pastures of Heaven
To a God Unknown
(1933), and worked on short stories later collected in
The Long Valley
(1938). Popular success and financial security came only with
(1935), stories about Monterey’s paisanos. A ceaseless experimenter throughout his career, Steinbeck changed courses regularly. Three powerful novels of the late 1930s focused on the California laboring class:
In Dubious Battle
Of Mice and Men
(1937), and the book considered by many his finest,
The Grapes of Wrath
(1939). Early in the 1940s, Steinbeck became a filmmaker with
The Forgotten Village
(1941) and a serious student of marine biology with
of Cortez (1941). He devoted his services to the war, writing
(1942) and the controversial play-novelette
The Moon Is Down
The Wayward Bus
(1948), another experimental drama,
The Log from the
Sea of Cortez, (1951) preceded publication of the monumental
East of Eden
(1952), an ambitious saga of the Salinas Valley and his own family’s history. The last decades of his life were spent in New York City and Sag Harbor with his third wife, with whom he traveled widely. Later books include
The Short Reign of Pippin IV: A Fabrication
Once There Was a War
The Winter of Our Discontent
Travels with Charley in Search of America
America and Americans
(1966), and the posthumously published
Journal of a Novel: The East of Eden Letters
The Acts of King Arthur and His Noble Knights
Working Days: The Journals of
The Grapes of Wrath (1989). He died in 1968, having won a Nobel Prize in 1962.
Richard Astro is professor of English at the University of Central Florida, where he is also director of the Eastern Europe Linkage Institute. He is the author of
John Steinbeck and Edward F. Ricketts: The Shaping of a Novelist,
as well as studies on Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and western American literature.
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Sea of Cortez
first published in the United States of America
by The Viking Press 1941
The Log from the Sea of Cortez
first published by The Viking Press 1951
Published in Penguin Books 1977
This edition with an introduction by Richard Astro
published in Penguin Books 1995
Sea of Cortez
Copyright John Steinbeck and Edward F. Ricketts, 1941 Copyright renewed John Steinbeck and Edward F. Ricketts, Jr., 1969
All rights reserved
The Log from the Sea
Copyright John Steinbeck, 1951
Copyright renewed Elaine Steinbeck, John Steinbeck IV and Thom Steinbeck, 1979
Introduction copyright © Richard Astro, 1995
All rights reserved
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA
Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968.
[Sea of Cortez]
The log from the Sea of Cortez/John Steinbeck; introduction by
“The narrative portion of the book, Sea of Cortez (1941), by John
Steinbeck and E. F. Ricketts.”
Originally published: New York: Viking, 1951.
“Appendix: About Ed Ricketts”: p.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
1. Marine invertebrates—Mexico—California, Gulf of.
2. California, Gulf of (Mexico)—Description and travel.
3. Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968—Journeys—Mexico—California, Gulf
of. 4. Ricketts, Edward Flanders, 1896-1948—Journeys—Mexico—
California, Gulf of. I. Ricketts, Edward Flanders, 1896-1948.
II. Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. About Ed Ricketts. III. Title.
In February 1995, a large and diverse group of Californians, most of them at least in their mid-seventies, gathered on Cannery Row to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of Steinbeck’s novel of the same name, and otherwise to reminisce about the two men who made the Row famous: the novelist himself and his closest personal and intellectual companion, marine biologist Edward F. Ricketts. The event was billed as “a symposium,” and was co-sponsored by the Cannery Row Foundation and Steinbeck Research Center at San Jose State University. But given the list of participants—Including two of Ricketts’s children; Joel Hedgpeth, senior curmudgeon of the California intertidal; Virginia Scardigli, former teacher and friend of both Steinbeck and Ricketts; Alan Baldrige, for many years the librarian at Stanford University’s Hopkins Marine Station on Ocean Avenue near the Row; and Robert Enea, a nephew of two of the crew members from the Sea of Cortez expedition—the event was less a symposium than a giant party. And this seemed an appropriate way to commemorate the publication of the book in which Steinbeck wrote that every party has its own pathology, and that “a party hardly ever goes the way it is planned or intended.” Of course, that book’s leading character is a fictionalized version of Steinbeck’s closest friend and his collaborator on
Sea of Cortez
—his most important work of nonfiction, a volume which contains the core of Steinbeck’s worldview, his philosophy of life, and the essence of a relationship between a novelist and a scientist that ranks among the most famous friendships in American letters. If many tall tales were told at the symposium, embellished by years of telling, it made no difference, except to enhance the festivities. For whatever the excesses, the surviving few from the Steinbeck-Ricketts years knew and talked about the breadth and depth of a friendship that was deep and permanent, and that, because of the impact of Ricketts’s thinking on Steinbeck’s most important fiction, accounts in large measure for the novelist’s success as a writer.
Row was published five years after the Steinbeck-Ricketts expedition to the Gulf of California, and while Ricketts’s life in Monterey remained largely unchanged afterward (he was drafted into the army during World War II, but never left the Monterey presidio), Steinbeck departed California altogether. His marriage to his first wife, Carol, ended. He romanced Hollywood singer Gwen Conger, married her in New Orleans, joined the war effort as a correspondent for the New York
wrote a novelette about the war entitled
The Moon Is Down
(1942) and some propaganda pieces for the Army Air Corps that were later published as
(1943), bought a brownstone on Manhattan’s East Side, and gradually became a New Yorker. He and Ricketts communicated by mail, but they hardly ever saw each other again.